Neonatal Jaundice

Neonatal jaundice is one of the most common reason for newborns to return the hospital.  There are many risk factors and causes, with the most important piece of the workup being distinguishing direct vs indirect hyperbilirubinemia. Direct hyperbilirubinemia points towards a usually benign cause with breast feeding, breast milk and physiologic jaundice being the most common causes and present within the first 4-7 days of life.  Useful tools for risk stratification include the Bilitool for evaluating need for phototherapy.

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